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Tuesday, July 25, 2017

4-year-old Gets Life-Changing Neurosurgery at Ayub Teaching Hospital (Abbottabad)

A 4-year-old encephalocele patient gets life-changing surgery at Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad.

Asim from Mansehra, had a head-like substance attached to the back of the head measuring 5 kg, commonly called 2 heads, has been successfully operated at Neurosurgery Unit of Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad.

Asim had a rare medical condition called encephalocele in which the brain matter oozes out from a gap in the skull into a sac-like structure, giving the person's head a grotesque appearance. These are some of the symptoms of a birth defect, encephalocele, that Asim was diagnosed with, explains Dr. Abdul Aziz, a Neurosurgeon and Associate Professor, who spearheaded the surgery operation together with a team of anesthetists and pediatricians that were responsible for his health before and after the surgery at Ayub Teaching Hospital.

Encephalocele, also known as cranium bifidum, is a neural tube defect. The neural tube, Dr. Abdul Aziz explains, characterized as a narrow channel that folds and closes during the third and fourth weeks of pregnancy to form the brain and spinal cord. He further defines the cord characterized by sac-like protrusions of the brain and the membranes that cover it through openings in the skull, which explains why the child was said to be having two heads.

Common symptoms also include, among many, buildup of too much fluid in the brain, delayed growth, and a small head.

Nonetheless, the surgical operation that involved removing the protruding part of the brain and the membranes, covering it back into the skull and closing the opening in the skull. It was one of a kind surgery in the history of Ayub Teaching Hospital. The kid recovered after five hours and was admitted to the unit. He is currently in a good and healthy condition and has been discharged from the hospital.

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